Who is Orchestrating Who? The World Bank and its Partners in Sustainable Development

In 2010, Abbott and Snidal generated a new research program on orchestration that would be a defining feature of what they called a “transnational new governance” architecture. The growing literature on orchestration identifies IOs with expansive governance mandates but limited resources to fulfill all tasks expected of them, as ideal orchestrators of non-state intermediaries that can implement various activities through public-private partnerships. This project explores the limits of such partnerships in generating beneficial outcomes for sustainable development in general, IOs and some of their partners in particular.

Governing the Supply of Minerals for Renewable Energy

There is a need for immediate and widespread climate action. That call to action is highlighted in the recent report by the Intergovernmental Panel (IPCC) on Climate Change which warned that there is very limited time to keep global warming below 1.5°C.  The IPCC calls for “rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society” including major shifts in energy systems.  Renewable energy is one of the key means of bringing global emissions within the required 1.5 degrees limit.  This project between academics, policy makers, industry analysts and civil society investigates in depth what a transition to renewable energy will entail and aims specifically to understand what are the environmental and social challenges and opportunities along the value chains of minerals required to scale our renewable energy production and use.  

EGL  March 26 Workshop Poster.jpg

Slides and Reports

Presentations Slides:

- MiningWatch Canada

- International Institute of Sustainable Development: Green Conflict Minerals

- World Bank: Smart Mining Facility


- Recent mining and climate reports and events HERE

- International Institute of Sustainable Development report and interactive map

- World Bank Report “The Growing Role of Minerals and Metals for a Low Carbon Future”

Accountability in Global Environmental Governance Task Force

States, non-government organisations, citizens and forward thinking businesses are developing initiatives to halt worsening environmental devastation. As systems of governance fragment into myriad initiatives stakeholders are demanding better mechanisms of accountability.  We established this network to promote collaborative research on the concept of accountability in global environmental governance. We bring together scholars with intimate knowledge of key environmental regimes (e.g. air, water, forests, energy and climate) along with scholars of global institutions (e.g. the United Nations Environmental Program, the World Bank, International Conventions’ Secretariats), and local initiatives. Our AGEG Task Force is part of the Earth System Governance Project.  Our aim is to trace accountability across global environmental governance to improve our conceptual understanding, theoretical tools and empirical analysis of the value of accountability in generating better environmental outcomes. 


An edited volume by Susan Park and Teresa Kramarz,

MIT Press


At our recent book launch

An examination of whether accountability mechanisms in global environmental governance that focus on monitoring and enforcement necessarily lead to better governance and better environmental outcomes.

Other Publications from this Project:


Volume 16, No. 2 - Special Section: Accountability in Global Environmental Governance.

Editors: Susan Park and Teresa Kramarz

Review of Policy Research

Volume 34,  Issue 1 - Special Issue:Accountability, Policy and Environmental Governance

Editors: Teresa Kramarz and Susan Park